The Bible contains hundreds of prophecies about people, nations, places, times, and events which have already been fulfilled in detail. Some of these were fulfilled almost immediately, others took hundreds of years, but each came to pass exactly as God said they would. (There are also many other prophecies in the Bible that are yet to be fulfilled, which will be fulfilled just as surely.) “I am the Lord. I speak, and the word which I speak will come to pass. … I will say the word and perform it.”1
The following list contains over sixty of the most outstanding fulfilled prophecies, arranged in two groups: those fulfilled by Jesus, and others from both the Old Testament and the New Testament.
Each group is arranged chronologically, by date of fulfillment. In some cases, the fulfillments are not recorded in the Bible but are well documented historically. In such cases, the events and dates according to historical records are cited. Historians are not in complete agreement about when some of these events took place, so the dates listed here may vary from those listed in your Bible’s marginal notes or other reference material.
Some prophecies have more than one fulfillment, such as the prophecies regarding the conversion of the Gentiles. In those cases, the references listed below are intended as examples.
Prophecies fulfilled by Jesus
Jesus born of a virgin: Isaiah 7:14 (c. 742bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 1:22-23; Luke 1:26-35 (4bc).
Jesus born in Bethlehem: Micah 5:2 (710bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 2:1; Luke 2:1-7 (4bc).
Jesus, the Messiah, comes out of Egypt: Hosea 11:1 (c.740bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 2:13-23 (1bc).
Jesus’ ministry in Galilee: Isaiah 9:1-2 (c. 740bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 4:12-16 (27ad).
Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem: Zechariah 9:9 (c. 487bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 21:2-10 (30ad).
Jesus hated without a cause: Psalm 69:4 (c. 980bc).Fulfilled: John 15:23-25 (30ad).
False witnesses accuse Jesus: Psalm 27:12 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 26:60-61 (30ad).
Jesus smitten and spat upon: Isaiah 50:6 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: Mark 14:65; John 18:22; 19:2-3 (30ad).
Jesus, on trial for His life, makes no attempt at an oral defense: Isaiah 53:7 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: John 19:6-9 (30ad).
The year of Jesus’ crucifixion: Daniel 9:25-26 (c. 535bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 27:50 (30ad). A prophecy concerning 69 weeks which are 69 groups of seven 360-day years. In the year 445bc King Artaxerxes or the Persian empire fulfilled the first part of this prophecy given by Daniel about 90 years before when he decreed that the walls of Jerusalem could be built again. From that time 483 of these 360 day years would pass before the Messiah would be killed. This equals 476 of our now standard solar years which predicted accurately the year Jesus was crucified—30ad.
Jesus’ executioners cast lots for His clothing: Psalm 22:18 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: John 19:23-24 (30ad).
Jesus dies, not for any crime He has committed, but for the sins of others: Isaiah 53:8-12 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: John 18:38; 19:30 (30ad). (See also 1 Peter 3:18.)
Jesus given gall and vinegar to drink: Psalm 69:21 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 27:34; John 19:29 (30ad).
Jesus’ hands and feet pierced: Psalm 22:16 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 27:35-37 (30ad). (See also Luke 24:36-40.)
Jesus is crucified with common criminals: Isaiah 53:12 (c.712bc). Fulfilled: Luke 23:32-33 (30ad).
Jesus mocked on the cross: Psalm 22:7, 8; 109:25 (c.
980bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 27:39-44 (30ad).None of Jesus’ bones are broken during crucifixion: Psalm 22:17; 34:20 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: John 19:31-33, 36 (30ad). (See also Exodus 12:46 and John 1:29.)
Jesus’ side is pierced during crucifixion: Zechariah 12:10 (487bc). Fulfilled: John 19:34, 37 (30ad).
Jesus buried in a rich man’s tomb: Isaiah 53:9 (c. 712bc).Fulfilled: Matthew 27:57-60 (30ad).
Jesus’ resurrection: Psalm 16:10 (c. 980bc); Matthew16:21 (29ad); Luke 18:31-33 (30ad). Fulfilled: Matthew 28:1-10; Luke 24:1-7; 1 Corinthians 15:3-8(30ad).
Jesus’ ascension: Psalm 68:18 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9 (30ad).
Other fulfilled prophecies
Sarah conceives and bears Isaac in her old age: Genesis17:15-19; 18:10, 14 (c. 1898bc). Fulfilled: Genesis21:1-3 (c. 1897bc).
Abraham to become the father of nations: Genesis22:15-18 (c. 1872bc). Fulfilled: Abraham’s son, Isaac, became the forefather of the Jews; and Abraham’s son, Ishmael, became the forefather of the Arabs.
Joseph correctly interprets Pharaoh’s butler’s and baker’s dreams: Genesis 40:1-19 (c. 1720bc). Fulfilled: Genesis 40:20-22 (three days later).
Joseph correctly interprets Pharaoh’s dream of the cows and the heads of grain: Genesis 41:25-32 (1715bc).Fulfilled: Genesis 41:53-54 (1715-1701bc).
Joseph reigns over his parents and brothers: Genesis 37:5-10 (c. 1729bc). Fulfilled: Genesis 45 (1707bc).
The division of the previously united twelve tribes of Israel into the kingdoms of Israel and Judah: 1 Kings 11:30-37 (c. 992bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 12:20 (975bc).
Curse upon the man who rebuilt the walls of Jericho: Joshua 6:26 (c. 1451bc). Fulfilled: 1Kings 16:34 (c.930bc).
Drought: 1 Kings 17:1 (c. 910bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 17:7 (c. 910bc).
Miraculous supply for Elijah and the widow of Zarephath in famine: 1 Kings 17:9-14 (c. 910bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 17:15-16 (c. 910bc).
End of drought: 1 Kings 18:1 (c. 906bc). Fulfilled: 1Kings 18:43-45 (c. 906bc).
Destruction of Ben-hadad’s army: 1 Kings 20:13-14 (901bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 20:15-30 (901bc).
Death of the man who refused to strike a prophet: 1 Kings 20:35-36 (901bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 20:36 (901bc).
King Ahab’s death: 1 Kings 20:42 (899bc); 21:18-24 (901bc). Fulfilled: 1 Kings 22:31-38 (897bc).
Transporting of Elijah to the heavens: 2 Kings 2:3-10 (896bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 2:11 (896bc).
End of the famine in Samaria: 2 Kings 7:1-2 (c. 892bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 7:3-18 (c. 892bc).
Hazael to become cruel king of Syria: 2 Kings 8:7-13 (c. 891bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 8:14-15, 28-29; 10:32; 13:3 (c. 891bc).
Queen Jezebel’s death: 1 Kings 21:23 (899bc); 2Kings 9:10 (884bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 9:30-37 (884bc).
Four generations of King Jehu’s descendants to sit upon the throne of Israel: 2 Kings 10:30 (884bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 15:12 (c. 810bc).
Destruction of Sennacherib’s army, and his death: 2 Kings 19:6-7, 20-28, 32-34 (c. 710bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 19:35-37 (c. 710bc).
Birth and zeal of King Josiah: 1 Kings 13:2 (975bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 22:1-2; 23:15-25 (641bc).
Death of the false prophet Hananiah within one year: Jeremiah 28:10-16 (c. 596bc). Fulfilled: Jeremiah 28:17 (c. 596bc).
Invasion of the southern kingdom (Judah) by the Chaldeans (Babylonians): Habakkuk 1:6-11 (c. 626bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 25:1 (590bc).
The destruction of Jerusalem, and captivity of the Jews and King Zedekiah by the Babylonians: Jeremiah 25:11 (c. 606bc); 32:3-5 (c. 590bc); 34:2 (c. 591bc). Fulfilled: 2 Kings 25:2-11; 2Chronicles 36:11-21 (586bc).
Abasement, conversion, and restoration of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon: Daniel 4:20-27 (c. 570bc). Fulfilled: Daniel 4:28-37 (c. 569bc).
Succession of world empires after Babylon: Daniel 2:31-40 (603bc); 7:1-7, 17 (c. 555bc); 8:1-8 (c. 553bc). Fulfilled: Medo-Persia (538bc-333bc) was the silver breast and arms of the image in chapter 2, the bear of chapter 7, and the ram of chapter 8; Alexander the Great’s Empire (333bc-146bc) was the brass belly and thighs of the image of Daniel 2, the winged leopard with four heads of chapter 7, and the he-goat of chapter 8; Rome (44bc-455bc) was the iron legs of the image of Daniel 2, and the iron-toothed beast of chapter 7.
King Cyrus of Persia, predicted by name, gives the captive Jews permission to return and rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple: Isaiah 44:28; 45:1-4 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: Cyrus the Great reigned from 559-530bc. (See also 2 Chronicles 36:22-23 and Ezra 1:1-4.)
Return of the Jews after 70 years of captivity in Babylon: Jeremiah 25:12 (c. 606bc); 29:10, 14 (c. 599bc); 33:7 (c. 590bc); Zechariah 1:16-17; 8:9 (c. 519bc). Fulfilled, as signified by the dedication of the rebuilt Temple: Ezra 6:14-16 (516bc). (See also Ezra chapters 1, 7-8.)
Rebuilding of walls and streets of Jerusalem: Daniel 9:25 (c. 538bc). Fulfilled: Nehemiah 6:15; 7:1 (445bc).
Destruction of Tyre, capital of Phoenicia and world trading capital, in two stages: Ezekiel 26:3-21 (588bc). Fulfilled: The first stage was fulfilled when Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, besieged the mainland city of Tyre for 13 years and destroyed it (585-572bc). Nebuchadnezzar, however, had no navy, so he could not flatten the island city. The second stage was fulfilled when Alexander the Great captured the island city of Tyre by building a causeway from the mainland to the island, using cedars from the mountains of Lebanon for piles and the debris of the ruined mainland city for fill (332bc).
Barren Elizabeth conceives and bears John the Baptist: Luke 1:13 (5bc). Fulfilled: Luke 1:24, 57-64 (4bc).
Slaughter of the infants in Bethlehem: Jeremiah 31:15 (c. 606bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 2:16-18 (2bc).
John the Baptist as the forerunner of the Messiah: Isaiah 40:3 (c. 712bc); Isaiah 62:10-12 (c. 698bc); Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6 (420bc); Luke 1:17, 76-80 (4bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 3:3 (26ad).
Conversion of the Gentiles: Isaiah 9:2 (c. 740bc); Isaiah 49:6 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: Matthew 4:13-16 (26ad); Acts 13:48 (46ad).
Spiritual blindness of the Jewish religious leaders: Isaiah 6:9 (c. 758bc); Isaiah 29:13 (c. 712bc). Fulfilled: Mark 7:6-7 (28ad); Acts 28:25-27 (62ad).
Betrayal of Jesus by Judas Iscariot: Psalm 41:9 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: John 13:18; 18:1-5 (30ad).
Amount and outcome of Judas’ “reward” for betraying Jesus: Zechariah 11:12-13 (c. 487bc). Fulfillment: Matthew 26:14-15; 27:3-10; Acts 1:18-19 (30ad).
Peter’s denial of Jesus: Matthew 26:34 (30ad). Fulfilled: Matthew 26:69-75 (30ad).
Judas’ office taken by another: Psalm 109:7-8 (c. 980bc). Fulfilled: Acts 1:17, 20 (30ad).
Outpouring of the Holy Spirit: Joel 2:28-29 (c. 800bc); Acts 1:4-5 (30ad). Fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost: Acts 2:1-4, 16-18 (30ad).
Shipwreck on Paul’s voyage to Rome, with no loss of life: Acts 27:9-10, 21-26, 34 (61ad). Fulfilled: Acts 27:41-44 (61ad). (See also 2 Corinthians 11:25.)
Destruction of Jerusalem after Jesus’ coming: Daniel 9:26 (c. 538bc); Matthew 24:1-2; Luke 19:42-44 (30ad). Fulfilled: Forty years after Jesus’ death, the Roman legions of the Emperor Vespasian, under his son, General Titus, marched on Jerusalem, burnt it to the ground, and took the ruins of the temple apart stone by stone to retrieve the gold from gilding and furnishings which had melted and run into the cracks (70ad).
The Gospel to be preached and Christianity to spread worldwide: Matthew 24:14; Acts 1:8 (30ad). Fulfilled: There are currently about 2 billion members of Christian denominations spread throughout every country of the world. (See also Mark 16:20; Acts 8:1; 17:6.)
Which are you?
Jesus told this parable:
“A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell by the wayside; and it was trampled down, and the birds of the air devoured it. Some fell on rock; and as soon as it sprang up, it withered away because it lacked moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it and choked it. But others fell on good ground, sprang up, and yielded a crop a hundredfold.” When He had said these things He cried, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”
Then His disciples asked Him, saying, “What does this parable mean?”
And He said, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is given in parables, that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’
“Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. Those by the wayside are the ones who hear; then the Devil comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. But the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who believe for a while and in time of temptation fall away. And the ones that fell among thorns are those who, when they have heard, go out and are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity. But the ones that fell on the good ground are those who, having heard the word with a noble and good heart, keep it and bear fruit with patience.” —Luke 8:5-15